The symptoms of early hearing loss are often so subtle that people do not recognize their hearing is slowly deteriorating. In many cases, other people are usually the first to bring it to their attention. Friends, family members, or co-workers may speak up after they notice the person with early hearing loss asking people to repeat themselves often or turning up the television to a sound that would be uncomfortable for someone with normal hearing.
Although the gradual loss of hearing can be discouraging, it is a common experience. According to the Mayo Clinic, nearly half of Americans over age 65 have some degree of hearing loss. However, people do not have to be senior citizens to experience mild to moderate hearing loss.
Younger people with frequent exposure to loud noises are especially vulnerable to developing hearing problems well before they reach age 65. Fifteen percent of adults ages 18 to 64 have some degree of hearing loss according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.
Recognizing the Symptoms Associated with Early or Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
Here are several additional early signs of hearing loss besides asking people to repeat themselves or turning up the television to a loud volume as mentioned above according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
- Everyday speech and noises in the environment seem muffled.
- Following conversation and hearing speech correctly is especially challenging in a noisy environment like a restaurant.
- High-pitched sounds such as a doorbell, alarm clock, birds, or the telephone are difficult to hear.
- Difficulty hearing speech correctly over the phone.
- Newly developed ringing in the ears.
- Hypersensitivity to certain sounds to the point that hearing them causes physical pain.
- Frequently asking others to speak louder or more slowly.
- Difficulty hearing consonants correctly.
As hearing loss progresses, some people respond by avoiding conversations or social situations. While this approach is understandable, it will only make things worse in the long run because isolation can increase the likelihood of developing mental health issues.
Temporary or Recurring Hearing Loss
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL), also known as sudden deafness, occurs in response to a specific trigger. The hearing may go in and out several times over a period of days or weeks and then go back to normal. Fortunately, SSHL is not permanent for most people.
One of the most frequent causes of SSHL is a buildup of earwax. Ear wax helps to keep harmful substances out of the eardrums and normally replenishes itself. A buildup can occur when people clean their ears with a Q-tip because using this method often pushes earwax further into the ears. Ear drops or an irrigation kit work better to loosen ear wax. The ear wax then comes out naturally on its own.
Attending a loud concert and not being able to hear normally for a period afterward is also a common occurrence. Additional causes of SSHL include:
- Frequent ear infections
- Frequent exposure to loud noise
- Head injury
- Meniere’s Disease
Determining the cause of the temporary or recurring hearing loss usually helps identify how to correct the issue. If not, people experiencing this condition should visit an audiologist for hearing testing as soon as possible.
Quick identification of the root cause of SSHL is critical to the prospects of a full recovery of hearing. According to Nuheara, a manufacturer of smart, hearing enhancement devices:
“People who seek prompt treatment for SSHL recover their full hearing within two weeks in 85 percent of cases. They typically visit an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor or an audiologist for diagnosis and treatment.”
Factors That May Increase the Risk of Hearing Loss
Hearing loss occurs due to damage to the hair and nerve cells of the inner ear. Some of the factors, such as aging, are outside of a person’s control. Loud noise exposure is a good example of a risk factor people usually can control, although some of the exposure may occur at work. Other hearing loss risk factors to consider include:
- Certain medical conditions: Meningitis and other diseases that cause an extremely high fever can permanently damage the inner ear.
- Certain medications: The anti-malaria drug gentamicin, the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra, and some types of chemotherapy used to treat cancer can cause inner ear damage. Temporary hearing loss or ringing in the ears known as tinnitus can occur after taking diuretics, all classes of antimalarial drugs, or high doses of aspirin.
- Hereditary: Some children are born with hearing loss because they inherited a gene that impacts the hair and nerve cells of the inner ear from a parent. Other types of hereditary hearing loss develop over time in much the same way that hearing loss from other causes does.
Audiologists consider sounds in the 30 to 75-decibel range safe. The risk starts increasing at 85 decibels, with some sounds having the potential to reach 165 decibels.
Chainsaws, snowmobiles, ambulance sirens, and gunshots are some of the loudest sounds that can cause extensive damage to hear with repeated exposure. Avoiding loud noises as much as possible and wearing hearing protection when that is not possible are the best ways to prevent noise-induced hearing loss.
Visit an Audiologist at the First Sign of Hearing Loss
An audiologist is the best person to determine the type and degree of a patient’s hearing loss and whether it is temporary or permanent. Completing testing and receiving a diagnosis as soon as possible is especially important with age-related hearing loss that may worsen over time. The audiologist will discuss treatment options and may prescribe a new hearing aid for the patient.
Younger people or those with only mild hearing loss may not want to invest in hearing aids just yet. Common reasons for the hesitancy include an out-of-pocket cost for hearing aids as high as $5,000, self-consciousness about wearing them, or concerns about comfort.
Personalized hearing devices, sometimes referred to as “hearables,” offer people an alternative to traditional hearing aids. These hearables typically look like wireless earbuds. They connect to a smart device and allow people to set controls based on the environment and their own hearing profile.