In the lower part of your rectum and anus, some veins are sometimes swollen. This is what people call Hemorrhoids. Sometimes, especially during defecation, the walls of these blood vessels get irritated and bulge due to shrinking. They call piles to these swollen hemorrhoids.
Rectal bleeding is most commonly caused by swollen hemorrhoids. They are normally not dangerous and easily treated so they go away in a period of 15 days. Seeing a doctor will help you make sure it doesn’t become a more threatening matter. If you are suffering from painful or persistent hemorrhoids your doctor can remove them for you.
Kinds of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids can be internal or external. The internal ones are normally so far up the rectum that you rarely feel or see them. This is because there aren’t any nerves that are sensitive to pain. So, they won’t usually hurt, the only way to see or perceive any sign from them is through bleeding.
The hemorrhoids that are under the skin that is around the anus are called external hemorrhoids. They are more likely to hurt as well as bleed since a lot of sensing-nerves are near. In some cases hemorrhoids get swollen, bigger and bulge outside in a visible way outside the sphincter of the anus. They appear to be moist bumps that usually look pinker than the rest of the area of the anus. They usually hurt specially when defecating.
These swollen hemorrhoids usually shrink and go back to their proper place inside the anus by themselves. However, you can carefully and gently help them to do so. When one of them turns purple of blue, it is because a blood clot is formed, this is commonly called thrombosis. They are very likely to hurt, sometimes even itch, and they might also bleed. You might still have some irritated skin left after the clot dissolves.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
If you members of you family—like your parents, have had them, you are more likely to suffer from hemorrhoids. Blood flow can affect an increase the pressure in your lower rectum. This might cause swelling in the veins there. This usually occurs when lifting extra weight, presenting obesity, or even being pregnant. Other causes are the following:
- Pushing during defecation
- Straining while performing uncommon physical activities.
People who spend long terms of time sitting are also very likely to present this issue, also if you are suffering from persisting diarrhea or constipation. This can get worse if you cough or sneeze.
There are different ways which you can prevent having hemorrhoids
- Eat fiber: Get fiber from food such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits, seed, beans, nuts, and legumes.
- Drink enough water: By drinking a lot of water you will avoid constipation and therefore, be less likely to suffer from hemorrhoids.
- Exercise regularly: Keeping your blood flowing through exercise can help you regulate your blood pressure avoiding blood clots.
Don’t restrain from going to the restroom: Restraining from going when your body needs it will make you be more likely to suffer from hemorrhoids.